martedì 19 aprile 2016

DGPS con Ublox M8T e RTKLib a 5Hz e 10Hz

In caso di utilizzo di GPS Differenziale in modalita' dinamica puo' essere utile avere una frequenza di campionamento piu' veloce dello standard di una acquisizione al secondo, in particolar modo se il rover si muove rapidamente.
L'Ublox M8T permette questa funzionalita' almeno fino al valore di campionamento di 10Hz (piu' veloce non ho provato ma il file di configurazione permette di inserire il tempo di campionamento in millisecondi, il che fa pensare che si posssano inserire valori inferiori ai 100 millisecondi



L'unica accortezza, per permettere il campionamento piu' veloce, e' quello di modificare la velocita' della porta seriale (anche se si acquisisce via USB) modificando il valore standard di 9600 bps portandolo a 115200 bps. Si deve tenere anche conto che il file di configurazione di RTKLib, nonostante si chiami ubx_m8t_glo_raw_5hz.cmd non modifica la velocita' della porta per cui, cosi' come e', e' sostanzialmente inutile


-----------------------------------
# RTKNAVI options (2016/02/08 17:25:54, v.2.4.3 b8)

pos1-posmode       =single     # (0:single,1:dgps,2:kinematic,3:static,4:movingbase,5:fixed,6:ppp-kine,7:ppp-static,8:ppp-fixed)
pos1-frequency     =l1         # (1:l1,2:l1+l2,3:l1+l2+l5,4:l1+l5)
pos1-soltype       =forward    # (0:forward,1:backward,2:combined)
pos1-elmask        =15         # (deg)
pos1-snrmask_r     =off        # (0:off,1:on)
pos1-snrmask_b     =off        # (0:off,1:on)
pos1-snrmask_L1    =0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0
pos1-snrmask_L2    =0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0
pos1-snrmask_L5    =0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0
pos1-dynamics      =off        # (0:off,1:on)
pos1-tidecorr      =off        # (0:off,1:on,2:otl)
pos1-ionoopt       =brdc       # (0:off,1:brdc,2:sbas,3:dual-freq,4:est-stec,5:ionex-tec,6:qzs-brdc,7:qzs-lex,8:stec)
pos1-tropopt       =saas       # (0:off,1:saas,2:sbas,3:est-ztd,4:est-ztdgrad,5:ztd)
pos1-sateph        =brdc       # (0:brdc,1:precise,2:brdc+sbas,3:brdc+ssrapc,4:brdc+ssrcom)
pos1-posopt1       =off        # (0:off,1:on)
pos1-posopt2       =off        # (0:off,1:on)
pos1-posopt3       =off        # (0:off,1:on,2:precise)
pos1-posopt4       =off        # (0:off,1:on)
pos1-posopt5       =off        # (0:off,1:on)
pos1-posopt6       =off        # (0:off,1:on)
pos1-exclsats      =           # (prn ...)
pos1-navsys        =1          # (1:gps+2:sbas+4:glo+8:gal+16:qzs+32:comp)
pos2-armode        =continuous # (0:off,1:continuous,2:instantaneous,3:fix-and-hold)
pos2-gloarmode     =off        # (0:off,1:on,2:autocal)
pos2-bdsarmode     =off        # (0:off,1:on)
pos2-arthres       =3
pos2-arthres1      =0.9999
pos2-arthres2      =0.25
pos2-arthres3      =0.1
pos2-arthres4      =0.05
pos2-arlockcnt     =0
pos2-arelmask      =0          # (deg)
pos2-arminfix      =10
pos2-armaxiter     =1
pos2-elmaskhold    =0          # (deg)
pos2-aroutcnt      =5
pos2-maxage        =30         # (s)
pos2-syncsol       =off        # (0:off,1:on)
pos2-slipthres     =0.05       # (m)
pos2-rejionno      =30         # (m)
pos2-rejgdop       =30
pos2-niter         =1
pos2-baselen       =0          # (m)
pos2-basesig       =0          # (m)
out-solformat      =llh        # (0:llh,1:xyz,2:enu,3:nmea)
out-outhead        =off        # (0:off,1:on)
out-outopt         =off        # (0:off,1:on)
out-timesys        =gpst       # (0:gpst,1:utc,2:jst)
out-timeform       =hms        # (0:tow,1:hms)
out-timendec       =3
out-degform        =deg        # (0:deg,1:dms)
out-fieldsep       =
out-height         =ellipsoidal # (0:ellipsoidal,1:geodetic)
out-geoid          =internal   # (0:internal,1:egm96,2:egm08_2.5,3:egm08_1,4:gsi2000)
out-solstatic      =all        # (0:all,1:single)
out-nmeaintv1      =0          # (s)
out-nmeaintv2      =0          # (s)
out-outstat        =off        # (0:off,1:state,2:residual)
stats-eratio1      =100
stats-eratio2      =100
stats-errphase     =0.003      # (m)
stats-errphaseel   =0.003      # (m)
stats-errphasebl   =0          # (m/10km)
stats-errdoppler   =1          # (Hz)
stats-stdbias      =30         # (m)
stats-stdiono      =0.03       # (m)
stats-stdtrop      =0.3        # (m)
stats-prnaccelh    =10         # (m/s^2)
stats-prnaccelv    =10         # (m/s^2)
stats-prnbias      =0.0001     # (m)
stats-prniono      =0.001      # (m)
stats-prntrop      =0.0001     # (m)
stats-prnpos       =0          # (m)
stats-clkstab      =5e-12      # (s/s)
ant1-postype       =llh        # (0:llh,1:xyz,2:single,3:posfile,4:rinexhead,5:rtcm)
ant1-pos1          =90         # (deg|m)
ant1-pos2          =0          # (deg|m)
ant1-pos3          =-6335367.6285 # (m|m)
ant1-anttype       =
ant1-antdele       =0          # (m)
ant1-antdeln       =0          # (m)
ant1-antdelu       =0          # (m)
ant2-postype       =llh        # (0:llh,1:xyz,2:single,3:posfile,4:rinexhead,5:rtcm)
ant2-pos1          =90         # (deg|m)
ant2-pos2          =0          # (deg|m)
ant2-pos3          =-6335367.6285 # (m|m)
ant2-anttype       =
ant2-antdele       =0          # (m)
ant2-antdeln       =0          # (m)
ant2-antdelu       =0          # (m)
misc-timeinterp    =off        # (0:off,1:on)
misc-sbasatsel     =0          # (0:all)
misc-rnxopt1       =
misc-rnxopt2       =
misc-pppopt        =
file-satantfile    =
file-rcvantfile    =
file-staposfile    =
file-geoidfile     =
file-ionofile      =
file-dcbfile       =
file-eopfile       =
file-blqfile       =
file-tempdir       =/tmp
file-geexefile     =
file-solstatfile   =
file-tracefile     =
file-cmdfile1      =ubx_m8t_glo_raw_10hz.cmd




inpstr1-type       =serial     # (0:off,1:serial,2:file,3:tcpsvr,4:tcpcli,7:ntripcli,8:ftp,9:http)
inpstr2-type       =off        # (0:off,1:serial,2:file,3:tcpsvr,4:tcpcli,7:ntripcli,8:ftp,9:http)
inpstr3-type       =off        # (0:off,1:serial,2:file,3:tcpsvr,4:tcpcli,7:ntripcli,8:ftp,9:http)
inpstr1-path       =ttyACM0:115200:8:n:1:off
inpstr2-path       =
inpstr3-path       =
inpstr1-format     =ubx        # (0:rtcm2,1:rtcm3,2:oem4,3:oem3,4:ubx,5:ss2,6:hemis,7:skytraq,8:gw10,9:javad,10:nvs,11:binex,12:rt17,15:sp3)
inpstr2-format     =rtcm2      # (0:rtcm2,1:rtcm3,2:oem4,3:oem3,4:ubx,5:ss2,6:hemis,7:skytraq,8:gw10,9:javad,10:nvs,11:binex,12:rt17,15:sp3)
inpstr3-format     =rtcm2      # (0:rtcm2,1:rtcm3,2:oem4,3:oem3,4:ubx,5:ss2,6:hemis,7:skytraq,8:gw10,9:javad,10:nvs,11:binex,12:rt17,15:sp3)
inpstr2-nmeareq    =off        # (0:off,1:latlon,2:single)
inpstr2-nmealat    =0          # (deg)
inpstr2-nmealon    =0          # (deg)
outstr1-type       =file       # (0:off,1:serial,2:file,3:tcpsvr,4:tcpcli,6:ntripsvr)
outstr2-type       =off        # (0:off,1:serial,2:file,3:tcpsvr,4:tcpcli,6:ntripsvr)
outstr1-path       =./ufast2.txt
outstr2-path       =
outstr1-format     =llh        # (0:llh,1:xyz,2:enu,3:nmea)
outstr2-format     =llh        # (0:llh,1:xyz,2:enu,3:nmea)
logstr1-type       =file       # (0:off,1:serial,2:file,3:tcpsvr,4:tcpcli,6:ntripsvr)
logstr2-type       =off        # (0:off,1:serial,2:file,3:tcpsvr,4:tcpcli,6:ntripsvr)
logstr3-type       =off        # (0:off,1:serial,2:file,3:tcpsvr,4:tcpcli,6:ntripsvr)
logstr1-path       =./ufast2.ubx
logstr2-path       =
logstr3-path       =
misc-svrcycle      =10         # (ms)
misc-timeout       =10000      # (ms)
misc-reconnect     =10000      # (ms)
misc-nmeacycle     =5000       # (ms)
misc-buffsize      =32768      # (bytes)
misc-navmsgsel     =all        # (0:all,1:rover,2:base,3:corr)
misc-proxyaddr     =
misc-fswapmargin   =30         # (s)

-----------------------------------

File di configurazione per acquisizione raw a 10Hz. Nella prima riga evidenziata in giallo si imposta la velocita' della seriale, nella seconda il passo di campionamento (100 ms)
-----------------------------------
!UBX CFG-GNSS 0 32 32 1 3 16 16 0 0

!UBX CFG-GNSS 0 32 32 1 6 16 16 0 1

!UBX CFG-MSG 2 21 0 0 0 1 0 0

!UBX CFG-MSG 2 19 0 0 0 1 0 0

!UBX CFG-PRT 1 0 0 2256 115200 7 7 0

!UBX CFG-RATE 100 1 1

@
!UBX CFG-MSG 2 21 0 0 0 0 0 0

!UBX CFG-MSG 2 19 0 0 0 0 0 0

!UBX CFG-RATE 100 1 1
-----------------------------------

Rtkrcv, per il post processing, si deve essere sicuri di impostare il corretto valore del passo di campionamento



Questi sono i risultati di due prove di DGPS con rover e stazione entrambi con Ublox M8T. Le condizioni di misure non erano ottimali data la presenza di palazzi ed ambiente urbano ma si ottiene comunque un fix piuttosto stabile 

Prova a 5Hz
Prova a 10Hz